Wolf’s Lair – the ruins of Adolf Hitler’s bunker in Poland. A town hidden in the forest where 200 buildings: shelters, barracks, 2 airports, power station, railways, air conditioners, waterworks, heating plants and two teleprinters can be found. The name comes from Hitler’s pseudonym. Many important decisions were taken here during the World War II. For instance, it was decided that prisoners would be used as a workforce in German armaments industry and for building new concentration camps. The exact number of people working there is not known, but it ranges between 3,000 to 5,000. It was also the place when the colonel Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg attempted to kill Hitler in 1944.
The decision to build the Liar was taken in the autumn of 1940. It is situated in the forest in Kętrzyn, and this location was chosen due to the fact that it lied in the vicinity of the Soviet Union, which was to be attacked by the Germans in accordance with the Barbarossa Operation in order to conquest the western part of the country. Another advantage of this location was the forest itself, which constituted a natural protection for the facilities.
How did tit happen that the sight was destroyed? In the November of 1944, the Red Army reached the eastern borders of Eastern Prussia, so it was decided to change the location of the bunker somewhere near Berlin. The command to destroy it was began to be performed in January 1945 and lasted a few months. That is why today we can only explore the ruins of the bunker.
As you can see, the place has a significant historical value, and the visit n the Wolf’s Liar will certainly be an interesting experience, and will allow you to get to know a very important part of Polish history and German history. This history is difficult and complicated, but this arouses even greater interest in the sight associated with World War II and the relations between our country and German nation.
A one day trip from Warsaw to Kętrzyn, where the Wolf’s Liar is located, can be combined with the visit in Święta Lipka village, which is also situated in the Warmian-Masurian district. The village Święta Lipja is surrounded by beautiful forests and lies between two lakes. The sanctuary of St. Mary is a pilgrimage site and its history dates back to the fourteenth century. It is documented that many people who came here were healed. It was given the title of basilica by the Pope John Paull II in 1983. It is considered as one of the most magnificent monuments of late Baroque.